Development Aid, Information and State-Citizen Interactions in Mali and Niger 

Randomized Controlled Trial funded by KfW Development Bank


Beneficiaries of foreign aid interventions often lack basic information on development projects in their communities. Lack of credible information can increase the risk that misinformation and rumors nurture perceptions of unfair and clientelist aid distribution. This, in turn, can have adverse consequences on inter-group and state-society relations. This project investigates if targeted aid information campaigns can improve state-society relations and intergroup relations via two causal channels: political efficacy and distributional fairness. Our analyses rely on a randomized controlled trial among 10,000 respondents of a three-wave panel survey in 200 villages of Mali and Niger. Members of the treatment group will receive customized information on ongoing aid projects in their community (e.g., type, volume, and formal rules of project selection). In the mid-line, we repeat this information. In addition, half of the treatment group will have the opportunity to provide anonymous feedback on the project to the government and responsible aid agency. In the end line, we estimate the effects of these interventions on people’s local political engagement and social trust towards outgroups.

Pre-Analysis Plan

The Effects of Information on the Impact of Development Interventions in Fragile States


De Juan, Alexander, Paul Hofman, and Carlo Koos. “More Information, Better Knowledge? The Effects of Information Campaigns on Aid beneficiaries’ Knowledge of Aid Projects”, WIDER Working Paper 2023/57 Helsinki: UNU-WIDER, 2023.

Funding agency and program:
KfW Development Bank

Principal investigators:
Prof. Dr. Alexander De Juan
Prof. Dr. Carlo Koos

Funding period:

Study areas:

Funding volume:
660,000 Euro