Agricultural Resilience
                      through Climate Services 

Randomized Controlled Trial funded by the Norwegian Aid Agency (NORAD)


Smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa are predominantly reliant on rainfall for their agricultural activities. However, the increasing unpredictability of weather patterns due to climate change poses significant challenges. Farmers face heightened risks of agricultural shocks and potential poverty traps due to droughts, delayed rain onset, prolonged dry spells, and occasional flood rains.

Project Overview

This large-scale initiative aims to bolster the resilience and preparedness of smallholder farmers in the face of these climatic challenges. By forging a collaborative network, the project unites development organizations, national meteorological agencies from Ethiopia and Malawi, and researchers including climate scientists, anthropologists, economists, and political scientists. Our goal is to develop and implement tailored, fine-grained climate information services that directly benefit the farming communities.

Objectives and Implementation

The core objective of this project is to enhance the decision-making capabilities of farmers by providing them with precise and actionable climate-related information. By integrating scientific research with practical interventions, this project stands as a beacon of innovation and sustainability in agricultural practices for Sub-Saharan Africa. It not only addresses the immediate challenges faced by smallholder farmers but also contributes to the long-term vision of creating resilient agricultural systems capable of withstanding climatic uncertainties. This initiative involves:

In partnership with the Development Fund, the project will also emphasize the enhancement of monitoring practices for development indicators. This collaboration aims to ensure that the interventions are responsive and adaptive to the evolving needs of the smallholder farmers.

Research and Impact Evaluation: 

A comprehensive research framework will accompany the implementation phases to assess both the immediate and long-term impacts of the climate services. Key focus areas include:

This research aims to generate critical evidence that can guide civil society organizations, policymakers, and funders in making informed decisions about scaling up climate service initiatives across the region.


Funding agency and program:
Norad (Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation)

NORCAP, NORCE, Development Fund, CMI, CIMMYT, MET agencies in Malawi and Ethiopia

Principal investigators RCT:
Jon Einar Flåtness (PI)
Carlo Koos (Co-I)

Funding period:

Study areas:

Funding volume:
Total: ca. 20,000,000 Euro
RCT: ca. 2,000,000 Euro